Constantly becoming a bestseller since its original publication in 1965, The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley has gained wide attention and critical acclaim, and it was named one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century by Time magazine. Haley was a journalist who conducted several in-depth interviews with Malcolm X between 1963 and 1965.
Based on the information and narratives told by Malcolm X himself, Haley ghostwrote the book, outlining the human right activist's life, especially his movement (Nation of Islam), philosophical view (black pride, black nationalism, and pan-Africanism) and spiritual journey (conversion to Sunni Islam, pilgrimage to Mecca). It was Haley who fully wrote the epilogue of the book, in which he illustrated the collaboration of the two and the sums up the end and significance of the life of Malcolm X, one of the most importance and influential persons of the 20th Century.
The Summary of the Book (as written at Wikipedia.com):
The Autobiography of Malcolm X is an account of the life of human rights activist Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little (1925–1965). It begins during his mother's pregnancy and describes his childhood in Michigan, the death of his father under questionable circumstances, and his mother's deteriorating mental health that resulted in her commitment to a psychiatric hospital. Little's young adulthood in Boston and New York City is covered, as is his involvement in organized crime that led to his arrest and subsequent eight- to ten-year prison sentence, of which he served six-and-a-half years (1946–1952).
The book addresses his ministry with Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam (1952–1963) and his emergence as the organization's national spokesman. It then documents his subsequent disillusionment with and departure from the Nation of Islam in March 1964, his conversion to orthodox Sunni Islam, his pilgrimage to Mecca, and his travels in Africa. After Malcolm X was assassinated in New York's Audubon Ballroom in February 1965, the book's coauthor, journalist Alex Haley, summarizes the last days of Malcolm X's life, and describes in detail their working agreement, including Haley's personal views on his subject, in the Autobiography's epilogue.